Heritage Locations

Baker Street Station, London


An original station of the Metropolitan Railway, the world's first underground railway

Constructor:
Sir John Fowler

Period of construction:
1850 - 1899

Transport Trust plaque:
No

Transport Mode:
Rail

Address:
Marylebone Road, London NW1 5LT

Postcode:
NW1 5LT

Nearest Town:
London


Baker Street station was opened by the Metropolitan Railway on 10 January 1863. The whole project between Paddington and Farringdon Street was designed by Sir John Fowler. On 13 April 1868 the adjacent open platforms at Baker Street, now serving the Metropolitan line into Middlesex, opened as part of a spur to Swiss Cottage station.

This was steadily extended to Willesden Green and northwards finally reaching Aylesbury and Verney Junction (some 50 miles from Baker Street) in 1892. Over the next few decades this section of the station saw much rebuilding to provide four platforms. The Metropolitan line layout largely dates from 1925 and most of the surface buildings, designed by the architect Charles Clark, also date from this period.

The original Metropolitan station is served by the Circle and Hammersmith & City lines. As one of the original stations on the world's first underground railway, these platforms are historic. Plaques have been placed along the platforms to show old plans and photographs of the station. The artificial lighting of the original ventilation shafts gives an impression of how the station appeared at its opening, but without the accompanying smoke.

The station is Listed Grade II.


Bibliography:

Biddle, Gordon, Britain's Historic Railway Buildings, Oxford University Press, ISBN-10: 0198662475 (2003)

Biddle, Gordon & Nock, O.S., The Railway Heritage of Britain : 150 years of railway architecture and engineering, Studio Editions, ISBN-10: 1851705953 (1990)

Boynes, David, The Metropolitan Railway, The History Press, ISBN-10: 0752431056 (2003)

Brown, Joe, London Railway Atlas, Ian Allan, ISBN-10: 0711037280 (2012)

Connolly, P. British Railways Pre-Grouping Atlas and Gazetteer. ISBN 0 7110 0320 3 (1988)

Edwards, Dennis & Pigram, Ron, The Golden Years of the Metropolitan Railway, Godfrey Cave Associates, ISBN-10: 1870630114 (1988)

Foxell, Clive, Images of 150 Years of the Metropolitan Railway, The History Press, ISBN-10: 0752470094 (2012)

Foxell, Clive, The Metropolitan Line: London's First Underground Railway, The History Press, ISBN-10: 0752453963 (2010)

Glover, John, Metropolitan Railway, Ian Allan, ISBN-10: 0711026300 (1998)

Green, Oliver, Discovering London Railway Stations, Shire, ISBN-10: 0747808066 (2010)

Green, Oliver, The London Underground: An Illustrated History, Ian Allan, ISBN-10: 0711017204 (1987)

Halliday, S., Underground to Everywhere. ISBN 07509 2585 X (2001)

Horne, Mike, The Metropolitan Line: An Illustrated History, Capital Transport Publishing, ISBN-10: 1854142755 (2003)

Jackson, Alan, London's Metropolitan Railway, David & Charles, ISBN-10: 0715388398 (1986)

Martin, Andrew, Underground, Overground: A Passenger's History of the Tube, Profile Books, ISBN-10: 1846684773 (2012)

Taylor, Sheila, Moving Metropolis, London Transport Museum, ISBN 1 85669 241 8 (2001)

Wolmer, Christian, The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How it Changed the City Forever, Atlantic Books, ISBN 1 84354 022 3 (2004)



Opening Times:
Open all day.

How To Find:
By rail: It is on Marylebone Road at the intersection with Baker Street.

Facilities:


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