Todmorden - Lydgate Viaduct
High in the Pennines, Todmorden has a bridge over the Rochdale Canal by George Stephenson and four railway viaducts in the vicinity.
Period of construction:
1800 - 1849
Transport Trust plaque:
Burnley Road, Lydgate, West Yorkshire OL14 8EX
The Manchester & Leeds Railway used the valley of the Calder for its route eastward from the Pennine summit. Just west of Todmorden it was laid on Gauxholme Viaduct, built of 17 low 11 m (35 ft) span arches along the side of the valley.
At Gauxholme Bridge it crossed the Rochdale Canal on a splendid skew bridge of 31 m (102 ft) cast iron span, consisting of a pair of bowed ribs, with vertical hangars projected above the ribs in an ornamental Gothic arcade. The abutments are semi-octagonal castellated turrets. It is an altogether grand spectacle.
In the town centre the railway is carried on the nine arch Todmorden Viaduct, and then over the Lob Mill Viaduct of five arches.
The branch line to Burnley winds its way up a narrow valley and through a tunnel, beyond which is Nott Wood Viaduct with 13 high arches. This was designed by Sir John Hawkshaw in 1849.
All are listed Grade II.
Bairstow, M., The Manchester & Leeds Railway (The Calder Valley Line), Wyvern Publishing, ISBN 0-90794-106-0 919830 (1983)
Biddle, Gordon, Britain's Historic Railway Buildings, Oxford University Press, ISBN-10: 0198662475 (2003)
Heywood, M., Heywood, F.& Jennings, B., A History of Todmorden, Smith Settle Ltd (1996)
Jennings, B., Pennine Valley: History of Upper Calderdale, Dalesman Publishing(1992)
Joy, David, Regional History of the Railways of Britain. South and West Yorkshire. David & Charles. ISBN 0 7153 6883 4 (1976)
Marshall, M. The Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway. David & Charles. ISBN 7153 4352 1Â (1969)
Morgan, Bryan, Railways: Civil Engineering, Arrow, ISBN 0 09 908180 6 (1973)
Rennison, R.W.& Barbey, M.F. Civil Engineering Heritage, Northern England
Simmons, J., The Railways of Britain, Macmillan, ISBN 0 333 40766 0 (1961-86)
ViewableÂ at all times.
How To Find:
By road: Off A646.
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