Heritage Locations

Victoria Viaduct, Penshaw


Rail bridge spanning the River Wear which carried the Leamside Line.

Constructor:
Unclassified

Period of construction:
1800 - 1849

Transport Trust plaque:
No

Transport Mode:
Rail

Address:
Penshaw, Washington, Tyne & Wear

Postcode:
DH4 7ER

Nearest Town:
Washington

Heritage Centre:
No

The Victoria Viaduct is a rail bridge spanning the River Wear which carried the Leamside Line. Commissioned by the Durham Junction Railway, the bridge was designed by Thomas Elliot Harrison.

It was based upon the Roman bridge at Alcántara, Spain. Built from 1836-8, the viaduct was named after the new monarch, Queen Victoria, and was officially opened on 28 June 1838, her Coronation Day. It did not open to traffic until 1839. The rails passed 41m (135 ft) over the valley, carried on four great arches. The middle two arches span 49m (160 ft)and 44m (144 ft), and the arches beside them span 30m (100 ft). In addition, there are three 6m (20 ft) approach arches on both ends. Of the extant masonry railway viaducts in Britain, the Victoria has the second longest single span, exceeded only by the Ballochmyle Viaduct.

The bridge formed part of the main line linking Newcastle upon Tyne and London until the line was routed through Durham in 1872. The line was closed to passenger trains following the Beeching Axe. The bridge continued to carry freight until the closure of the freight terminal at nearby Follingsby in 1991, following which the bridge was mothballed. On 4 December 2006, Tyne and Wear Passenger Transport Authority announced that it had commissioned a study into the future use of the line, with a view to possible re-opening as a suburban railway linking into the local transport network.


Bibliography:

Atterbury, Paul, Along Lost Lines, David & Charles, ISBN-10: 071532568X (2007)

Biddle, Gordon, Britain's Historic Railway Buildings, Oxford University Press, ISBN-10: 0198662475 (2003)

Biddle, Gordon & Nock, O.S., The Railway Heritage of Britain : 150 years of railway architecture and engineering, Studio Editions, ISBN-10: 1851705953 (1990)

Biddle, Gordon and Simmons, J., The Oxford Companion to British Railway History, Oxford, ISBN 0 19 211697 5 (1997)

Bonavia, Michael, Historic Railway Sites in Britain, Hale, ISBN 0 7090 3156 4 (1987)

Conolly, W. Philip, British Railways Pre-Grouping Atlas And Gazetteer, Ian Allan Publishing, ISBN 0-7110-0320-3 (1958/97)

Darsley, Roger, Eastern Main Lines: Darlington, Leamside, Newcastle, Middleton Press, ISBN-10: 1906008280 (2007)

Jowett, Alan, Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland,  Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0086-1. (March 1989)

Morgan, Bryan, Railways: Civil Engineering, Arrow, ISBN 0 09 908180 6 (1973)

Morgan, Bryan, Railway Relics, Ian Allan, ISBN 0 7110 0092 1 (1969)

Simmons, J., The Railways of Britain, Macmillan, ISBN 0 333 40766 0 (1961-86)

Simmons, J.
The Victorian Railway, Thames & Hudson, ISBN 0 500 25110X (1991)

Smith, Martin, British Railway Bridges and Viaducts, Ian Allan, ISBN 0 7110 2273 9 (1994)

Turnock, David, An Historical Geography of Railways, Ashgate, ISBN 1 85928 450 7 (1998)

Wolmar, Christian, Fire and Steam: A New History of the Railways in Britain, Atlantic Books, ISBN-10: 1843546302 (2008)



Opening Times:

Permanently viewable.


How To Find:

By road: Off A195/Staithes Road or via Coxgreen off A183 Chester Road.

By foot: Approach from the Weardale Way footpath, near Lambton.


Facilities:
http://weather.msn.com/RSS.aspx?wealocations=wc:UKXX1696&weadegreetype=C


Washington, GBR - Weather via MSN Weather

Weather conditions and forecast for Washington, GBR


Current Conditions: Fog in Washington, GBR (as of 2:50 AM 8/2/2014)

Current conditions (as of 2:50 AM)
Fog
Fog. 13°C (Feels like 13). Humidity: 100% Winds: 0 km/hr.
All times shown are local to Washington, GBR.
Detailed ten-day forecast   Hourly weather forecast    Weather maps    Weather averages


Forecast for Saturday, August 02, 2014 for Washington, GBR

Today: T-storms.T-storms Lo: 11°C. Hi: 18°C. Chance of precipitation: 98%
Tomorrow: Showers / Clear.Showers / Clear Lo: 12°C. Hi: 19°C. Chance of precipitation: 40%
Monday: Partly Cloudy.Partly Cloudy Lo: 11°C. Hi: 21°C. Chance of precipitation: 30%
Tuesday: Showers / Clear.Showers / Clear Lo: 11°C. Hi: 20°C. Chance of precipitation: 70%
Wednesday: Showers / Clear.Showers / Clear Lo: 12°C. Hi: 22°C. Chance of precipitation: 80%

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